Monday, May 30, 2016

Lamdré 道果 [1A] - Origin & Lineage 起源和传承

Drokmi Lotsawa

The Lamdré (Skt. mārgaphala; Wyl. lam ‘bras), 'Path with the Result' instructions, related to the deity Hevajra, are the highest teachings within the Sakya school. 

They developed into two major lines of transmission:
the general presentation known as Lamdré Tsokshé (Explanation for Assemblies) and
the secret presentation known as Lamdré Lopshé (Explanation for Private Disciples).

As H.H. Sakya Trizin explains: "The term lamdré means 'path and result'. 
This term indicates that this sacred system of teachings encapsulates the core Sakya philosophy and practices resulting in the realization of the indivisibility of samsara and nirvana."
As H.H. Sakya Trizin explains: 
"In the early Sakya tradition, Lamdré was actually one teaching. 
Later, during the time of Müchen Könchok Gyaltsen, when he gave Lamdré teachings, he gave the most esoteric, essential, and important teachings to his innermost disciples in his private room, whereas for the assemblies he gave the common teachings. 
Since then there have been two Lamdré.” 

Tsarchen Losal Gyatso (1502–67) was an important master of the Sakya tradition, the founder of the Dar Drangmo Ché Monastery and the Tsar school of the Sakya order and holder of the Lamdré Lopshé transmission. 

A number of his writings survive, especially his compositions on the Hevajra visualization and on the Vajrayogini teachings. 
His biography was written by the Fifth Dalai Lama
His chief disciples were Mangtö Ludrup Gyatso, Yol Khenchen Zhönnu Lodrö, the Third Dalai Lama Sonam Gyatso, Zhalu Khenchen Khyentse Wangchuk, and Bokarwa Maitri Döndrup Gyaltsen.

Eight Practice Lineages aka the Eight Great Chariots of the Practice Lineage (Wyl. sgrub brgyud shing rta chen mo brgyad) — 
the eight principal traditions which 'transported' the Buddhist teachings from India to Tibet. 
They are:
[1] Nyingma—the teachings of the kama, terma and pure vision traditions within the Nyingma School of Ancient Translations, which had come down in an aural lineage transmitted by countless learned and accomplished masters, all thanks to the kindness of Khenpo Shantarakshita, Guru Padmasambhava and the Dharma-King Trisong Deutsen.

[2] Kadam—the divine teachings of the Old and New Kadam traditions, founded by the incomparable and glorious Lord Jowo Atisha and further developed through the magnificent efforts of Lobsang Drakpa, who was Manjushri in person.
[3] Lamdré/Sakya—the essential instructions of the 'Path with its Result' (Tib. Lamdré), the heart-essence of the mahasiddha Virupa, which came down to the glorious Sakyapa founders and their heirs, and were then passed on by the various lineages including those of Sakya,Ngor and Tsar (Wyl. sa ngor tsar gsum).
[4] Marpa Kagyü—the four streams of teachings within the Kagyü tradition that stems from Marpa, Milarepa and Gampopa, and branched into the four major and eight minor Kagyü lineages.
[5] Shangpa Kagyü—the golden doctrine of the dakini Niguma from the glorious Shangpa Kagyü, which comes from the learned and accomplished Khyungpo Naljor.
[6] Kalachakra/'Six Branch Practice of Vajrayoga' (Tib. Jordruk; Wyl. sbyor drug)—the 'Six-Branched Application', which emphasizes the Vajra Yoga of the perfection stage of the splendid Kalachakra, and which came to Tibet from the noble Dharma-kings of India and others such as Kalapada in early, intermediate and later phases, and developed into seventeen traditions, which were then brought together and passed on by the renunciate Tukjé Tsöndru and others.
[7] Shyijé and Chö—the noble teachings of the 'Pacifying of Suffering' Tradition coming from Padampa Sangyé together with the profound teachings on the objects of severance, or Chö, which were passed on by Machik Lapdrön and others.
[8] 'Approach and Accomplishment of the Three Vajras'—the teachings bestowed on the mahasiddha Orgyenpa Rinchen Pal by the mother of the buddhas, Vajrayogini herself.

Note: the Jonang and Gelug schools are not part of this list because they formed within Tibet.

Om Guru Lian Sheng Siddhi Hom
Lama Lotuschef

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